OC 100 Theological Virtues (Act of Faith, Hope, Charity) and of Contrition

April 20th, 2015

A partial indulgence is granted to the faithful, who recite devoutly, according to any legitimate formula, the acts of the theological virtues (Faith, Hope, Charity) and of Contrition. we will discuss indulgence’s fully in another post, so there is no superstition in belief.

Act of Faith

O MY GOD, I firmly believe that Thou art one God in Three Divine Persons, Father, Son and Holy Ghost. I believe that Thy Divine Son became Man, and died for our sins, and that He will come to judge the living and the dead. I believe these and all the truths which the Holy Catholic Church teaches, because Thou hast revealed them, Who canst neither deceive nor be deceived.  Amen.

ACT OF HOPE
O MY GOD, relying on Thy almighty power and infinite mercy and promises, I hope to obtain pardon of my sins, the help of Thy grace, and Life Everlasting, through the merits of Jesus Christ, my Lord and Redeemer Amen.

ACT OF CHARITY
O MY GOD, I love Thee above all things, with my whole heart and soul, because Thou art all-good and worthy of all love. I love my neighbor as myself for the love of Thee. I forgive all who have injured me, and ask pardon of all whom I have injured. Amen.

ACT OF CONTRITION
O MY GOD,  I am heartily sorry for having offended Thee, and I detest all my sins because I dread the loss of Heaven and the pains of Hell; but most of all because they offend Thee, my God, Who art all-good and deserving of all my love. I firmly resolve, with the help of Thy grace, to confess my sins, to do penance, and to amend my life. Amen.

 

OC 099 Precepts of the Church

March 17th, 2014

PRECEPTS of Catholic Church along with the Ten Commandments, represent the minimum level of moral living; intentional violation of the precepts or the Commandments is a grave matter, meaning a mortal sin. If we fall below this bare-minimum level, we can’t rightly consider ourselves to be in full communion with the Catholic Church. It’s that simple, isn’t it, we all learned that in grade school catechism. If you are a baby boomer you have no excuse, excepting those with any type of dementia.
(Catechism of the Catholic Church, Precepts of the Catholic Church(#2041-3)).

  1. You shall attend Mass on Sundays and on holy days of obligation and rest from servile labor.
  2. You shall confess your sins at least once a year.
  3. You shall receive the sacrament of the Eucharist at least during the Easter season.
  4. You shall observe the days of fasting and abstinence established by the Church.
  5. You shall help to provide for the needs of the Church.

 

 

OC 098 Sacrament of Holy Orders

January 19th, 2013

278 (Baltimore Catechism, Volume 2) What is the Sacrament of Holy Orders?
A. Holy Orders is a Sacrament by which bishops, priests, and other ministers of the Church are ordained and receive the power and grace to perform their sacred duties.
(Current Catechism) the Catechism of the Catholic Church refers to the Sacrament of Holy Orders as “the sacrament of apostolic ministry.” “Ordination” comes from the Latin word ordinatio, which means to incorporate someone into an order. During the exodus God chose the tribe of Levi as priests for the nation. Their primary duties were the offering of sacrifice and prayer for the people. Christ, in offering Himself up for the sins of all mankind, fulfilled the duties of the Old Testament priesthood once and for all.

There are three levels to this sacrament: the episcopate, the priesthood, and the diaconate”

  • The Episcopate
    A bishop is a man who is ordained to the episcopate by another bishop (in practice, by several bishops). He stands in a direct, unbroken line from the Apostles, a condition known as “apostolic succession.” Ordination as a bishop confers the grace to sanctify others, as well as the authority to teach the faithful and to bind their consciences. Because of the grave nature of this responsibility, all episcopal ordinations must be approved by the Pope. then he has power to administer Confirmation and Holy Orders, ordaining priests and consecrating bishops. Through the bishops, it is addressed to redactors of catechisms, to priests, and to catechists.
    77 “In order that the full and living Gospel might always be preserved in the Church the apostles left bishops as their successors. They gave them their own position of teaching authority.” [35] Indeed, “the apostolic preaching, which is expressed in a special way in the inspired books, was to be preserved in a continuous line of succession until the end of time.” [36]
    78 This living transmission, accomplished in the Holy Spirit, is called Tradition, since it is distinct from Sacred Scripture, though closely connected to it.
    Bishops can confer the Sacrament of Holy Orders. “Confer”–that is, give or administer. So can a cardinal, if he be a bishop, and so can the Holy Father, who is always a bishop, and called bishop of Rome, while Pope of the whole Church. A diocese is the extent of country over which a bishop is appointed to rule.An archbishop is higher than a bishop, but no more spiritual power than a bishop. The district over which an archbishop rules contains several dioceses with their bishops, and is called an ecclesiastical province. The bishops in the province are called suffragan bishops, because subject in some things to the authority of the archbishop, who is also called the metropolitan, because bishop of a metropolis or chief city of the province over which he presides.The archbishop can wear the pallium, a garment worn by the Pope, and sent by him to patriarchs, primates, and archbishops. It is a band of white wool, worn over the shoulders and around the neck after the manner of a stole. It has two strings of the same material and four black or purple crosses worked upon it. It is the symbol of the plenitude of pastoral jurisdiction conferred by the Holy See.
  • The Priesthood
    The second level of the Sacrament of Holy Orders is the priesthood. No bishop can minister to all of the faithful in his diocese, so priests act, in the words of the Catechism of the Catholic Church, as “co-workers of the bishops.” They exercise their powers lawfully only in communion with their bishop, and so they promise obedience to their bishop at the time of their ordination. Let’s here enjoy a priestly vocation story. Pilot to Priesthood-a video of his Vocation Story.  The chief duties of the priesthood are the preaching of the Gospel and the offering of the Eucharist
    What defines a priest, nun or any consecrated person is the positive offering he makes of his life to Christ. He takes all he is and offers it to Christ. He lives only for him. This means fundamentally that he chooses Christ over any other human to be the center of his life (chastity), he values Christ more than any material thing and he gives these up in order to possess Him totally (poverty), and he is totally dedicated to His will and His work (obedience). The practical way the vows of chastity, poverty, and obedience are lived out will depend on the particular charism of the order or group he is called to.
  • Diaconate
    The third level of the Sacrament of Holy Orders is the diaconate. Deacons assist priests and bishops, but beyond the preaching of the Gospel, they are granted no special charism or spiritual gift. In the Eastern Churches, both Catholic and Orthodox, the permanent diaconate has been a constant feature. In the West, the office of deacon was reserved to men who intended to be ordained to the priesthood. The permanent diaconate was restored in the West by the Second Vatican Council. Married men are allowed to become permanent deacons.
    The terms “deacon” and “diaconate” derive from the Greek word diakonia which means “service” or “ministry.” A deacon, then, is ordained by the Church for service. Deacons provide service in three ways:
    Service of the Word — this includes preaching, offering catechetical instruction, spiritual counseling, instructing catechumens, giving retreats, conducting parish renewal programs, and reaching out to alienated Catholics
    Service of the Altar — Deacons’ role in the Eucharist — in addition to proclaiming the Gospel and articulating the Church’s needs in the general intercessions — is to prepare the gifts and distribute communion at the Lord’s table. Deacons may baptize children or adults, witness marriages in the name of the Church, bring Viaticum to the dying, and preside over wakes, funerals, and burial services.
    Service of Charity — is as extensive as are human needs. Deacons minister in prisons and in hospitals. They visit the homebound and people in nursing homes. They serve the mentally ill, the chemically dependent, the abused and the battered, the old and the young, the abandoned, the dying and the bereaved, immigrants and refugees and the victims of racial and ethnic discrimination.

OC 097 Sacrament of Holy Matrimony, Part Four

August 20th, 2012

Q. I am a Muslim and I wish to marry my girl friend, and she wants to get married in her Catholic church. Is this possible, what do I have to do, and what happens?

A. First, the Catholic Church refers to a marriage between a baptized Catholic and a non-baptized person as a “disparity of cult” and requires a specific dispensation from the local Catholic Bishop. This can be obtained by the Catholic’s parish priest. This dispensation would normally be granted if the following conditions were fulfilled:
1. The Catholic partner is to declare that he or she is prepared to remove dangers of defecting from the faith and make a sincere promise to do all in his or her own power to raise the children Catholic.

2. The other partner is informed of the promises and obligations of the Catholic party

3. Both partners are to be instructed about the properties of sacramental marriage which are not to be excluded by either contractant. (Code of Canon Law: Canon1125)

Second, what you have to do is:
1  Both visit your girlfriend’s parish priest and explain that you wish to get married. He will, no doubt, question you both on your being free to marry, and any other points he needs clarifying. He will explain that he needs to seek your dispensation from his bishop as mentioned above.

2. You will both be required to attend a marriage preparation course, which will explain the Catholic teaching on marriage, as well as giving practical relationship skills.

3. The priest will, at another time, instruct you both regarding the format of the marriage service.

4. During the marriage service itself you will be formally asked your intentions. Basically, that is, the priest will ask you both in turn:
· “Are you ready freely and without reservation to give yourselves to each other in marriage?”
· “Are you ready to love and honor each other as man and wife for the rest of your lives?”
· “Are you ready to accept children lovingly from God and bring them up according to the law of Christ and his Church?”
· You will solemnly declare that you know of no lawful impediment to your marriage.
· You will both declare your consent to be married followed by your exchanging your vows.

Q. My fiance and I are both Catholics and we would like to get married in a Catholic church. However, I am a divorcee, previously married in an Anglican church. Is it still possible for us to marry in a Catholic Church?
A. If you were a Catholic at the time of your marriage in the Anglican Church, and you married without the permission of the Catholic Church, and without the presence of a Catholic priest or deacon to witness your exchange of vows, then that marriage was not valid in the eyes of the Catholic Church. This means you are probably free to marry in the Catholic Church as you would not be, and have not been, married. Your local catholic priest would need to be satisfied of all the relevant information. If, however, you received permission to marry in an Anglican church, and the appropriate stipulations of the Catholic Church were met then that would have been a valid marriage; and despite a civil divorce, you would not be free to marry again.

Q. I am Catholic and married a non-Catholic; he committed adultery and we divorced. Can I remarry in the Catholic church?
A. The question is dependent on whether your marriage is a sacramentally valid. If you were married in a Catholic church, it is assumed that your marriage is valid, and you are still married and not free to remarry. Has your husband been baptized the marriage would be sacramental. If you were married in a protestant church, and met the requirements of the Catholic Church but without permission of the local Bishop, the marriage is not valid, and the marriage in a registry office is not valid; you are free to marry in a Catholic church. There are other factors which invalidate a marriage such as a spouse refusing to have children. You need to talk to your local priest; their might be grounds for your marriage to be declared not valid by a marriage tribunal and granted an annulment.

 

 

OC 096 Sacrament of Holy Matrimony, Part Three

March 2nd, 2012

Q. I am due to be getting married at the end of the year but the ceremony is causing some problems. My fiancée is Church of England and I am a Catholic. My partner wants us to be married in a Church of England Church and I want us to be married in a Catholic Church. What are the implications for me, if I where to ask if I could be married in a Church of England Church? Where would I stand in the eyes of the Catholic Church in the future and what would this entail if we were to have children? I would appreciate your views and advice on this matter as to the best way to move forward.
A. First, in a Catholic marriage, if one party is Catholic and the other a baptised member of another Christian denomination, they must get permission to marry in the Catholic Church, (there is usually no difficulty in getting this). The following Canons of the Church apply:
Canon 1124: ‘Without the express permission of the competent authority, marriage is prohibited between two baptised persons, one of whom was baptised in the Catholic Church or received into it after baptism and has not defected from it by a formal act, the other of whom belongs to a church or ecclesial community not in full communion with the Catholic Church.’
Canon 1125: ‘The local ordinary (bishop) can grant this permission if there is a just and reasonable cause. He is not to grant it unless the following conditions are fulfilled:
1. The Catholic party is to declare that he or she is prepared to remove dangers of defecting from the faith, and to make a sincere promise to do all in his or her power in order that all the children be baptized and brought up in the Catholic Church.
2. The other party is to be informed in good time of these promises to be made by the Catholic party, so that it is certain that he or she is truly aware of the promise and of the obligation of the Catholic party.
3. Both parties are to be instructed about the purposes and essential properties of marriage, which are not to be excluded by either contractant.
Canon 1126: It is for the Episcopal Conference to prescribe the manner in which these declarations and promises, which are always required, are to be made, and to determine how they are to be established in the external forum, and how the non-catholic party is to be informed of them. (The last canon is saying the Bishop’s Conference in this country decides how the promises etc. are carried out in practice.)

Second, Canon 1118 §1 states that ‘A marriage… between a Catholic party and a baptized non-Catholic, is to be celebrated in the parish church. By permission of the local ordinary or of the parish priest, it may be celebrated in another church or oratory. So in summary, there should be no Catholic ‘legal’ problem in you getting married in a non-Catholic church, your local Catholic priest can get the required legalities sorted out. It is a normal requirement for the Catholic priest or his delegate to be in attendance as witnesses, although the non-Catholic minister will, according to his rite, ask for the consent of the parties.
As you are, no doubt, a devout practicing Catholic, you see warnings regarding children from the marriage. This is something you both are advised to discuss in depth, and why the Catholic Church makes the stipulations in Canons 1124-1126. Problems can arise, even if agreements are made now, when it comes to the times for the children to receive the sacraments, because parents and in-laws can exert strong pressures either way. Again, see your local parish priest and he will provide great instruction called pre-Cana and can do all necessary items to help you in this situation.

Q. My fiancé and I are both Catholic, and we would like to get married in a Catholic church, however, I am a divorcee. Is it still possible for us to marry in a Catholic church.
A. If your first marriage was valid, and marriage is said to ‘have the favour of law’ that is, it is assumed valid until it is legally proved otherwise, then you are not free to marry again. I quote from the Compendium of the Catechism of the Catholic Church No.349: ‘The Church, since she is faithful to her Lord, cannot recognise the union of people who are civilly divorced and remarried. “Whoever divorces his wife and marries another, commits adultery against her: and if she divorces her husband and marries another, she commits adultery” (Mark 10:11-12). The Church manifests an attentive solicitude towards such people and encourages them to a life of faith, prayer, works of charity and the Christian education of their children. However, they cannot receive sacramental absolution, take Holy Communion, or exercise certain ecclesial responsibilities as long as their situation, which objectively contravenes God’s law, persists.’

Both of these situations can be remedied by the Marriage Tribuanl; all you need to do to get the ball rolling is talk to your local priest.  He will instruct you in what is necessary to meet the requirements to have a validly recognized marriage to receive the Sacraments.